Critical Thinking and Clinical Judgment Skills

Howard Gardner - Multiple Intelligences

Introduction According to Fero & O’Donnell (2010), critical thinking in nursing for clinical choice making is the aptitude to contemplate in a methodical and comprehensive way with sincerity to query and imitate on the cognitive procedure used to safeguard sound nursing practice and quality care. This paper emphasizes multiple intelligences and the way critical thinking and clinical judgment skills can be nurtured in a new nurse mentored by a senior nurse. Moreover, multiple types of intelligence with personal experiences are defined and the outcomes of this mentoring process are identified.

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Nurturing of Critical Thinking and Clinical Judgment Skills

Several authors have highlighted the necessity for nurses to be capable of reflecting critically in order to utilize the applicable understanding and skilled judgments in providing care for patients. It can be said that senior nurses with great experience in the nursing practice play a significant role in nurturing these skills in new nurses through effective ways by putting emphasis on Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences. McFarlane (2011) specified Gardner’s different learning styles which are as follows:

1-      Visual-Spatial

2-      Body-Kinesthetic

3-      Musical

4-      Interpersonal 

5-      Intrapersonal

6-      Linguistic

7-      Logical –Mathematical

After identifying which learning style would be m essential for a new nurse, a nurse with more experience in the clinical practice would judge and implement suitable learning style so that it is easier to build critical thinking and clinical judgment skills within them. An experienced nurse would use Linguistic Intelligence, which is a words and language capability to understand and explicate the ideas and information which is required to develop skills. Written and oral activities will give the chance to altogether investigate a specific theme, and to develop critical thinking skills self-sufficiently of others. Moreover, critical thinking has been absolutely connected with dynamic learning methodologies and the extent to which nurture collaborate with their senior nurses, therefore, interpersonal as well as intrapersonal intelligence plays a key part here (Janice, Hinkle, & Cheever, 2010).

Awareness of the Multiple Types of Intelligence

It is imperative to know about the multiple sorts of intelligence proposed by Gardner since it helps indispensable in the nursing hone when managing distinctive sorts of patients. For instance, I am a logical-mathematically slanted individual and I have a tendency to think all the more reasonably and dynamically and in addition I am ready to see examples and connections that others don`t. I appreciate working with numbers and mathematical formulas and operations, and adoration the test of a mind-boggling issue to unravel. I am aware of the importance of interpersonal intelligence which is within me as once in a situation, there was a conflict between couples of nurses, and was merely findings ways which can resolve this issue through compromise (Bob & Anne, 2015). Moreover, in some cases patients hesitate to share some of their clinical conditions, however with my interpersonal intelligence skills, I not only determine but also manage to understand their issues effectively.

Multiple Types of Intelligence

Linguistic Intelligence

It is known as the ability to utilize language, the local language, and maybe different languages, to express what is precisely in the brain and to make comprehend other individuals.

Logical-mathematical

Individuals with profoundly created logical/mathematical intelligences comprehend the fundamental standards or something to that effect of a causal framework, the way a researcher or a philosopher does; or can control numbers, amounts, and operations, the way a mathematician does.

Intrapersonal Intelligence

It alludes to having a comprehension of yourself, recognizing who you are, what capabilities you have to perform, what is required by you, in what way you respond to things, which things to maintain a strategic distance from, and which things to incline toward. In addition, they incline to realize what they can do. Moreover, they incline to recognize what they cannot perform. What`s more, they incline to know where to go in the event that they require assistance (Gaie & Barbara, 2006).

Interpersonal Intelligence

It alludes to a capacity to identify with others; translation of conduct and interchanges; comprehends the connections in the middle of individuals and their circumstances, including other individuals.

Positive Outcomes of Mentoring and Improving Mentoring Process

The outcomes of mentoring within the nursing practice are very essential and through multiple intelligence, nurses achieve optimistic results within the practice. For example, being an experienced nurse I used interpersonal, verbal and linguistic intelligence to improve critical thinking and clinical judgment skills between junior nurses and developed intrapersonal intelligences among them. When positive responses became visible and intrapersonal intelligence was built among them positive outcomes of this mentoring were evidenced. In addition, when by using different techniques mentoring process was improved where it lacked, by using alternative intelligences such as human intelligence. 

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