# Data Analysis Quantitative Data RES6101 Research Preparation: Methods of Research

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Demographic Data

Age/ gender/ work

Age

We have one missing data point shown in table below. Remember that we decided to combine the 18 – 25 age group with the 26 – 35 age group with a group size of 30 plus a general requirement for conducting statistical analysis.

Original table for Age

 What age are you? (Please complete only one option) Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent Valid 18 - 25 6 7.6 7.7 7.7 26 - 35 45 57.0 57.7 65.4 36 - 45 27 34.2 34.6 100.0 Total 78 98.7 100.0 Missing System 1 1.3 Total 79 100.0

New Table for Age (note that the 36 – 45 age group is slightly below 30 but we shall accept that. So we now have two groups: 35 and under (Group1) and 36 and over (Group2).

 Age Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent Valid 1.00 51 64.6 65.4 65.4 2.00 27 34.2 34.6 100.0 Total 78 98.7 100.0 Missing System 1 1.3 Total 79 100.0

Gender

Remember we have the ethical rather than statistical issue in this variable. We cannot do what we did with age (combining groups) as there is an ethical issue in doing that in this case. In Australia we seek to be inclusive and therefore the one individual who identified as neither male/female needs to be considered. We decided that we would analyse male/female, but acknowledge the non-binary/third gender person individually (but not cite the scores, only how close they are to the two groups). This is to additionally preserve that person’s anonymity.

Cameron, J. J., & Stinson, D. A. (2019). Gender (mis)measurement: Guidelines for

respecting gender diversity in psychological research, Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 13(11), e12506, 14 pages, doi:10.1111/spc3.12056

 With which gender do you identify? (Please complete only one option) Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent Valid Male 18 22.8 23.1 23.1 Female 59 74.7 75.6 98.7 Non-binary / third gender 1 1.3 1.3 100.0 Total 78 98.7 100.0 Missing System 1 1.3 Total 79 100.0

Work

The original distribution had four groups but two groups had small numbers. The decision was made to combine Early childhood with Primary school educators and also to combine adult educators with high school educators. This results in two groups.

Original Table for Work Area

 What area of education do you work in? (Please choose one answer only) Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent Valid Early childhood 9 11.4 11.5 11.5 Primary school 22 27.8 28.2 39.7 Secondary or high school 39 49.4 50.0 89.7 Adult education 8 10.1 10.3 100.0 Total 78 98.7 100.0 Missing System 1 1.3 Total 79 100.0

New Table for Work Area

 Work Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent Valid ECEPrimary 31 39.2 39.7 39.7 HighschoolAdult 47 59.5 60.3 100.0 Total 78 98.7 100.0 Missing System 1 1.3 Total 79 100.0

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