Health care policy reform
Research Paper: Links with Course Objectives 1, 3, 5 The purposes of this assignment are to help you a.) effectively use research resources through library data bases and search engines to complete course requirements, b.) improve your critical thinking skills, and c.) develop your effectiveness in writing about topics relevant to course objectives and health care administration. In particular, its purpose is to provide you with an opportunity to critically think about health care systems and related policy issues. This summer is an exciting time for health care reform in the United States. So the topic is health care policy reform and its impact on healthcare access, cost, and quality. Imagine that you now work in a health care policy advocacy group. You have been asked to analyze the likely impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on US health care costs, access, and quality. You have ten pages to do so, not counting references or tables. Read summaries of the ACA and official updates about the status of its implementation. Follow the major debates and think about how different political perspectives may affect the interpretation and predications about different elements of the law. Then, applying what you have learned in HCAD 620 and integrating findings published in at least five journal articles written after the passage of the ACA, develop a clear and compelling analysis of what you think is actual impact of the ACA will be on access, cost, and quality of health care in the USA. Who is newly covered and how is this achieved? What will the ACA cost, and what are considered most costly elements in the law? How will health quality improvements be achieved? What is most controversial in the ACA, and why do you think so? On balance, is the ACA a good or bad law? Justify your conclusion. In writing this 10 page paper, your analysis may be easier (and you may be more focused) if you imagine yourself working for some interest group (e.g hospital or physician providers, consumers, insurers, etc.). Students must access, review, and integrate the findings of at least 5 professional journal articles written after the passage of the ACA in their paper and should use reputable websites. Wikipedia cannot be used. Students must follow American Psychological Association (APA) style. This means, All sentences of phases that are either copied from an article or website, even if a couple of words are changed, must be in quotes with a reference using APA format. Use quotes judiciously. Please see the UMUC policy on plagerism. There must be a cover page, an abstract page, and a list of references using APA style. Hint: go to www.umuc.edu and search on APA Style for the latest APA style guidance. The UMUC library (button on upper right of WebTycho classroom) can be used to search online databases. The body of the paper should be organized into the following sections: Introduction, summary of proposal including group proposing it, current status, access, cost, quality analysis, conclusion including chances of passage. Use tables and figures sparingly and in APA style format. Do not write your paper by summarizing five articles or websites in a row and then write a one paragraph conclusion. Think about the subject and integrate different articles and websites into your major points. Each paragraph should begin with a major point and then the remaining sentences should explain that point. Paragraphs must be longer than one sentence.
HEALTH CARE POLICY REFORM IN U.S Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Introduction In recent times, there have been discussions concerning the quality of health care systems in US when compared to other nations. For instance, a politically affiliated group termed as Physicians for a National Health program observed that the idea of a free market in health care has decreased the quality of healthcare services. This has subsequently lead to high rates of mortality in private health facilities in comparison to public health services. A study conducted by the World Health Organization in 2000 affirmed this concept when it found that public health systems in industrial countries spent less funds on the overall health care. In addition, their health services were high in quality (Gratzer, 2007). Statistics by the World Bank indicate that the health care cost in America is one of the highest in the world when compared to its GDP. Commentators have been arguing that the high health care cost had resulted into organizations to pay more for their worker`s health care and insurance. This subsequently made them unable to compete with similar firms in other countries. The constant increment of healthcare cost per individual is a burden to the federal government; this is more particular in Medicaid and Medicare costs. Health maintenance in American will depend on how the healthcare costs are controlled. Presently, America is however, experiencing speedy changes with regard to organization and financing of its health care delivery system in the nation. Researchers and other professional firms have identified various interrelated factors, which have come to influence the demand for healthcare reforms. These factors as identified by these researchers include Hospital consolidation, reengineering, and downsizing, as well as reducing the rates of hospitalization. Other factors include increasing the acuity of hospital patients, pressures related to cost containment within a health care setting that emanates from managed care and finally moving the outpatient care from hospitals to community environment setting. Many of these factors influence to some level or another, the US healthcare delivery system (Charlie, 2009). The aspect of health care policy reforms in American has long roots. In most cases, many of the reforms that have been introduced had been proposed at earlier times without success. The patient protection and affordable care act (PPACA) was passed through the prevalent status and enacted in March 2010. This act was amended during the same month of which it was enacted. The amendment resulted into the formation of the health care and education reconciliation act of 2010 (Donna et al, 2010). In essence, the vicious incentives in the prevalent structures whereby providers were a warded for the quantity of the services provided rather than the quality of services were the main reason for the soaring up of the healthcare costs. A...