Guidelines for Research Paper American Women`s History A research paper is a piece of academic writing that requires critical thinking and thoughtful research into the words and works of “experts” in the field. You will use the work of these experts to construct a paper examining the importance of the topic you have chosen. Your paper should be thesis driven. You will research an American woman and any event, profession, or movement including her. Your paper will examine how this woman and her activities have influenced the way the United States has developed. In other words, someone who has changed the history of America.. You should select a topic that interests you and one that you can enthusiastically research. One way to determine the significance of your topic is by asking questions like: What would American History be without (__your topic____)? Research involves examining the work of experts and others who wrote from (1) the perspective of those who were part of the event (a primary source) AND (2) experts who have studied, researched, and examined all primary evidence of the event/person and written from that information. (a secondary source). For example: If you select the topic “Marilyn Monroe” you would search for books, letters, journals, and interviews written by Ms. Monroe or those who ‘where there” during her career and personal experiences. These are primary sources. Then you would look for books written by historians, film experts, Hollywood experts, and others who have done research and have written books based on their research. These are secondary sources. You must use at least three(3) primary sources, six (6) secondary academic sources, which may include peer reviewed/refereed journal articles, books, newspapers or other scholarly sources. AFTER you have selected these sources, then you may use Internet sites and popular magazines/periodicals. You must cite your sources within the context of your paper, for direct quotations, summaries and paraphrases. With your limited knowledge, nearly all of your paper will be cited. The only portion of your paper that is “your opinion” is your thesis statement, and perhaps the conclusion. Remember you may not use first person ( I ) anywhere in the paper. The key to completing this assignment will be to DO RESEARCH early. If you have no idea of what to write about begin your search for ideas in the index of your textbook . . . and we will brainstorm in class. Start thinking about parts of your life, employment, activities and interests……then think about how you can research those things. If you are a stamp collector (philatelist) maybe you could learn about the beginnings of collecting and the origins of the American Philatelic Society. Please note historical context (make sure your reader is aware of what is going on in the rest of the country/world) when examining your subject. Something that might have been significant in 1820 might not be as significant if it happened in 1990. Historical context is very important. Your documentation format should be Chicago Style – using either “endnotes” or “footnotes” as your in-text citation. If you are unsure of this documentation style, please check library site, or the Purdue online writing lab (owl.english.purdue.edu) For Research Assistance: Please make an appointment or simply walk into the library and talk with one of the experts behind the desks. Additionally, you can go to the “Resource” section of the UWT library website. Go to Class Guides, and then find and click on: TWOMN 347 History of Women in the U.S. - Nacy Specific Guidelines: Paper will be 5-6-pages in length. Standard 12 point font One side of paper Your paper should have a footer, which will include: YOUR NAME - THIST 201 Page # MATRIX: 300 points Content of paper 150 *Clear thesis *Scholarly information, facts & data. * Critical analysis of information with an eye toward supporting your thesis. Documentation 75 *Appropriate citations and documentation of ALL information. *Chicago Style documentation Research 45 *3 Primary Sources *6 Secondary Sources * Evidence of extensive research Mechanics 30 *Grammar and Spelling accuracy *Appropriate use of language *Sentence and basic writing mechanics. The topic is the American artists in the U.S. who had changed the history of American. ( Like Georgia O`Keeffe) Here is a Biography of her: Every artist has their style or a particular way to paint or express themselves. In turn, many artists develop new techniques or their "movements". Therefore, every artist is associated with one or more specific movements for categorizing their work. For example, Van Gogh was a Post-Impressionist, Picasso was a Cubist, and Salvador Dali was a Surrealist. There is a women artist, Georgia O`Keeffe, whose works are most closely associated with Precisionism which is also known as Cubist Realism. Substantially, it`s a combination of realism and cubism. This American art movement began in 1920`s and lasted until the end of the Second World War. Georgia O`Keeffe`s style of painting in what an object is depicted realistically with an emphasis on the geometrical form of the object. Georgia O`Keeffe was born in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin, on November 15, 1887, Madison, Wisconsin. She attended the Sacred Heart Academy, and then she began to learn about painting. In 1904, Georgia graduated and moved to study at the Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois. After graduation, she worked as a commercial artist in Chicago; after that, she worked as a public school art supervisor in Amarillo, Texas. Then she attended art classes conducted by Arthur Wesley Dow at Columbia University in New York City; she began to use Dow`s system of art education. In 1924, O`Keeffe and Alfred Stieglitz were married. Alfred Stieglitz is a famous photographer and supporter of modernism in New York. Georgia painted a group of views of New York City Between 1926 and 1929. They lived there for the next 12 years where Georgia was inspired to paint the magnificent views from their 30th floor apartment. Three years later, she felt they need to travel to New Mexico which would change her life for good. When her husband passed away, she continued to exhibit her work. Her popularity became more and more widely. In 1962, she was elected to the fifty-member American Academy of Arts and Letters; Also, she was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1966. In 1970, the Whitney Museum of American Art mounted the Georgia O`Keeffe Retrospective Exhibition, the first retrospective exhibition of her work in New York since 1946, the year Stieglitz died. This exhibit did much to revive her public career. Georgia O`Keeffe is the Shaper of Modern Art in U.S. The Armory show in New York, held in 1913, was the first opportunity for Americans to see the new art which had been developing in Europe. Work by the Impressionists, Post Impressionists, Matisse, and Picasso were included in this exhibition. . American artists, Georgia O`Keeffe were simply not taken seriously; it was believed that one had to go to Europe to be a real artist. These American artists didn`t go to Paris in turn, creation mainly for themselves and each other. ( Robinson, Roxana. 1989. Georgia O`Keeffe: a life. New York: Harper & Row.) The Biography of Georgia O`Keeffe, written by Lovelady, Cambria, Presents biographical information on 20th century American artist Georgia O`Keeffe. Details of her education and early artistic efforts; Work as a commercial artist; Exhibition of her paintings in New York by photographer Alfred Stieglitz. The subject is educational because it presents the Shaper of Modern Art in U.S., detailed the Precisionism, and how people were Influenced strongly by Cubism and Futurism. Not only like Georgia O`Keeffe, Precisionist artist, also called the "Cubist-Realists", "Sterilists", "Immaculates". Their art will have a magic realism of the influence and popular art movement. (Eldredge, Charles C., and Georgia O`Keeffe. 1993.Georgia O`Keeffe: American and modern. New Haven: Yale University Press.) Works Cite: O`Keeffe, Georgia. 1976. Georgia O`Keeffe. New York: Viking Press. Eldredge, Charles C., and Georgia O`Keeffe. 1993.Georgia O`Keeffe: American and modern. New Haven: Yale University Press. Robinson, Roxana. 1989. Georgia O`Keeffe: a life. New York: Harper & Row. O`Keeffe, Georgia, Jack Cowart, and Juan Hamilton. 1987. Georgia O`Keeffe, art and letters. Washington: National Gallery of Art.