You looked at five different organizations in this class: The Knights of Labor from 1870 to about 1893; the American Federation of Labor from 1886 to 1955; the Industrial Workers of the World from 1905 to around 1925; the Congress of Industrial Organizations from 1935 to 1955; and the AFL-CIO from 1955 to the present.
These organizations differed in many ways. Tell me about their differences by addressing these questions, one at a time. For each question, discuss all five organizations. That is, your answer should be numbered 1 through 5, with each answer addressing each of the five different organizations listed above. For example, for question 1, answer the question about the Knights, AFL, IWW, CIO, and AFL-CIO.
1. Who is welcome to join (and who is not welcome) in terms of skilled workers, and production or unskilled workers?
2. Who is welcome to join (and who is not welcome) in terms of race, ethnicity, and gender?
3. How does a worker become a member? Can anyone join? Can you walk in an office and join the union, or must you work at a worksite to be a member?
4. Comparing the five groups, how moderate or radical was each labor organization? What was their ultimate goal? What was their relationship with state governments and the federal government? Did they spend much effort lobbying members of Congress? For the IWW and AFL which were active at the time, what was their attitude toward U.S. entry into World War I?
5. What were their primary tactics to achieve their goals? What was their stance toward more radical tactics like non-violent civil disobedience, plant occupations, or citywide general strikes?